Professor Robin Warner
Phone: +61 (02) 4221 5067
Office: Room 106, Level 1
ITAMS Bldg 233, Innovation Campus
University of Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia
Dr Robin Warner is a Professor at the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security. She was formerly the Assistant Secretary of the International Crime Branch of the Criminal Justice Division in the Commonwealth Attorney General’s Department from 2002 to 2006. During that period she led twelve Australian delegations to bilateral and multilateral delegations on transnational crime and criminal justice cooperation issues. Previously she served with the Royal Australian Navy as a legal officer. During her Defence Force legal career, Captain Warner occupied a wide range of positions including Director of International Law for the Australian Defence Force and Deputy Director of Naval Legal Services.
She graduated as a PhD from the University of Sydney in November 2006. Her doctoral research concerned the international law framework for protection of the marine environment and conservation of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction. She is the author of Protecting the Oceans Beyond National Jurisdiction: Strengthening the International Law Framework (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2009), editor (with Simon Marsden) of Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Marine and Coastal Perspectives (Ashgate Publishers, Farnham, Surrey, 2012), editor (with Clive Schofield) of Climate Change and the Oceans: Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (Edward Elgar Publishers, Cheltenham, UK, 2012) and editor (with Stuart Kaye) of the Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (routledge, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2015). She has published numerous articles in international peer reviewed journals and chapters in books on international law and policy.
Law of the Sea, marine environmental law, oceans governance, maritime regulation and enforcement, biodiversity conservation in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction, climate change and the oceans.
The principal objective of Professor Warner’s past and current research is to make a beneficial, practical and enduring contribution to the preservation of a balanced ocean in which multiple uses are accommodated in an environmentally sustainable manner. She has made significant theoretical and applied contributions to oceans governance, particularly in relation to conservation of high seas biodiversity, climate change and the oceans, implementation of navigational regimes and maritime law enforcement. The central theme of her research can be characterised as an examination of how law of the sea principles can be reconciled with marine environmental law and the legal and institutional mechanisms necessary to achieve that objective.
Current research projects:
- Blue Carbon Futures: Improving Carbon Sequestration in Mangroves across Australia, Vietnam and Brazil (Global Challenges Project)
- Launching a Blue Economy: Putting Theory into Practice (Global Challenges Project)
- UN and Global Ocean Governance (Nippon Foundation and IMO International Maritime Law Institute)
- Nichola CLARKE: The New International Legally Binding Instrument under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Integrating New Structures with Existing Sectoral Management Regimes
- Ruth DAVIS: Legislating for a New Song: Effective Legal Regimes to Support the Coastal Fisheries of the Future
- Harriet HARDEN-DAVIES: Marine Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: Meeting Challenges for Global Governance
- Constance JOHNSON: Challenges and Solutions for the Effective Governance and Regulation of the Southern Oceans Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
- Yulu LIU: Establishing marine protected areas (MPAs) in the South China Sea (SCS) – A way of enhancing cooperation among coastal states?
- Youna LYONS: Defining and Mapping Valuable and Sensitive Marine Environments in the South China Sea
- Evelyn OGBETA: Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in West Africa: Impacts and Solutions?
- Lora REEVE: Acoustic Impact in the High Seas: Developing Global Governance to Manage Anthropogenic Underwater Noise In Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
- Dazhen (Daisy) ZHANG: Strengthening the Regulatory Framework for Marine Environmental Protection of Chinese Islands
- Carole DURUSSEL: Challenges in the Conservation of High Seas Biodiversity in the Southeast Pacific
- Shaun LIN: Subnational Joint Cooperation in Marine Environmental Protection: Scalar Narratives from the Gulf of Thailand
- Mohd Hazmi bin Mohd RUSLI: Balancing Shipping and the Protection of the Marine Environment of Straits Used for International Navigation: A Study of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore
- Yubing SHI: Regulatory Frameworks for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Shipping
- Anh TON: Navigating the Shoals of the South China Sea: International Law and Geopolitical Issues surrounding the Passage of Sovereign Immune Vessels and Aircraft
Recent awards and fellowships:
Vice Chancellor’s Award for Interdisciplinary Research Excellence – Blue Carbon Futures Project 2018
ARC Postdoctoral Fellowship 2010-2012
“Harnessing the Oceans to Combat Climate Change: Developing Law and Policy Frameworks for Ocean Energy and Climate Change Mitigation”
- Fellow, Royal Geographical Society
- Assessor, Australian Research Council
- Member, ASEAN Experts and Eminent Persons Group
- Advisory Board Member, IUCN Oceans, Coasts and Coral Reefs Specialist Group
- Member, Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies Reference Group
- Member, Australia New Zealand Society of International Law
- Member, International Law Association (Australian Branch)
- Editorial Board Member and Associate Editor, Frontiers in Marine Affairs and Policy
- Robin Warner and Stuart Kaye (eds.), Handbook on Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (Routledge, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2016)
- Robin Warner and Clive Schofield (eds.), Climate Change and the Oceans: Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (Edward Elgar Publishers, Cheltenham UK, 2012).
- Robin Warner and Simon Marsden (eds.), Transboundary Environmental Governance; Inland, Marine and Coastal Perspectives (Ashgate Publishers, Farnham, Surrey, 2012).
- Robin Warner, Protecting the Oceans beyond National Jurisdiction: Strengthening the International Law Framework (Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, 2009).
- Robin Warner, “Oceans of Opportunity and Challenge. Towards a Stronger Governance Framework for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction” (2018) 3 Asia Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy 157-175.
- Robin Warner, “Oceans in Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts into Environmental Impact Assessment for Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction” (2018) 45 (1) Ecology Law Quarterly 31-51
- Robin Warner, “Environmental Assessment in Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: Practice and Prospects” 111 ASIL PROC. 214 (2017) 252.
- Robin Warner, ‘Oceans of Opportunity and Challenge’ (17 April 2018) Australian Outlook (Australian Institute of International Affairs), http://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australianoutlook/oceans-opportunity-challenge/.
- M Voyer, C. Schofield, K. Azmi, R. Warner, A. McIlgorm and G. Quirk, “Maritime Security and the Blue Economy: intersections and interdependencies in the Indian Ocean” Journal of the Indian Ocean Region. https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881.2018.1418155 published online 8 January 2018.
Robin Warner, “Strengthening Governance Frameworks for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: Southern Hemisphere Perspectives’ (2017) 32(4) International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law Special Issue “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity: Southern Hemisphere Issues and Approaches”, 607-634 (Guest editor for special issue).
- Robin Warner, Mary Kaidonis, Olivia Dun, Kerrylee Rogers, Yubing Shi, Than T.X. Nguyen, Colin D. Woodroffe, “Opportunities and challenges for mangrove carbon sequestration in the Mekong River Delta in Vietnam” Sustainability Science Special Feature: Original Article Sustainable Deltas: Livelihoods, Ecosystem Services, and Policy Implications (2016) 1-17 DOI 10.1007/s11625-016-0359-3 First on line 6 April 2016
- Kristina M Gjerde, Lora L Nordtvedt Reeve, Harriet Harden Davies, Jeff Ardron, Ryan Dolan, Carole Durussel, Sylvia Earle, Jorge A Jimenez, Peggy Kalas, Dan Laffoley, Nilufer Oral, Richard Page, Marta Chantal Ribeiro, Julien Rochette, Aurelie Spadone, Torsten Thiele, Hannah L. Thomas, Daniel Wagner, Robin Warner, Aulani Wilhelm and Glen Wright, “Protecting Earth’s last conservation frontier: scientific, management and legal priorities for MPAs beyond national boundaries” 26 (Suppl. 2) Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems (2016) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2646 1-17
- Robin Warner, “Conservation and sustainable use of high-seas biodiversity. Steps towards global agreement” (2015) 7(3) Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs 217-222
- Robin Warner, “Marine Protected Areas – Developing Regulatory Frameworks for Areas beyond National Jurisdiction” (2017) 39(2) Australian Zoologist 181-187.
- Robin Warner, “Stemming the Black Tide: Cooperation on Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the South China Sea and East Asian Seas” (2015) 18(2) Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy 184-197.
- Jeff Ardron, Rosemary Rayfuse, Kristina Gjerde and Robin Warner, “The sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity in ABNJ: What can be achieved using existing international agreements?” (2014) 49 Marine Policy 98-108
- Robin Warner, “Conserving Marine Biodiversity in the Global Marine Commons. Co-evolution and Interaction with the Law of the Sea” (2014) 1 (6) Frontiers in Marine Affairs and Policy 1-23.
- C. L. Van Dover, J. Aronson, L. Pendleton, S. Smith, S. Arnaud-Haond, D. Moreno-Mateos, E. Barbier, D. Billett, K. Bowers, R. Danovaro, A. Edwards, S. Kellert, T. Morato, E. Pollard, A. Rogers and R. Warner , “Ecological Restoration in the Deep Sea: Desiderata” Marine Policy 2013 (available on line 28 August 2013).
- Robin Warner, “Tools to Conserve Ocean Biodiversity: Developing the Legal Framework for Environmental Impact Assessment in Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction” 26 Ocean Yearbook (2012): 317-341.
- Robin Warner, “Oceans Beyond Boundaries: Environmental Assessment Frameworks” 27 (2) International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law (2012): 481-499.
- Eric Gilman, Daniel Dunn, Andrew Read, K. David Hyrenbach and Robin Warner, “Designing Criteria Suites to Identify Discrete and Networked Sites of High Value across Manifestations of Biodiversity” Biodiversity Conservation 20(14) Biodiversity and Conservation (2011): 3363-3383.
- Robin Warner, “Marine Snow Storms: Assessing the Environmental Risks of Ocean Fertilization” 3(4) Carbon and Climate Law Review (2009) 426-436.
- Robin Warner, “Charting a Sustainable Course through Changing Arctic Waters” 1 Yearbook of Polar Law (2009) 323-347.
- Robin Warner, “Realising Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Southern Hemisphere Oceans beyond National Jurisdiction: Challenges and Prospects” in The Marine Environment and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14. Life Below Water (Brill Nijhoff, Leiden, 2018).
- Robin Warner, “Conservation and Management of Marine Living Resources beyond National Jurisdiction: Filling the Gaps” in Robert C Beckman, Millicent McCreath, j Ashley Roach and Zhen Sun, High Seas Governance: Gaps and Challenges (Brill Nijhoff, Leiden, 2018).
- Robin Warner, “The Australian and Antarctic Perspective on Global Ocean Governance” in David Attard, David Ong, and Dino Kritsiotis (eds.), The IMLI Treatise On Global Ocean Governance. Volume I: UN and Global Ocean Governance (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018).
- Robin Warner, ‘Promoting a New Convergence: Developing New Regulatory Paradigms for Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction in the Pacific’ in H. Scheiber, N. Oral and M.S. Kwon (eds.) Ocean Debates. The 50 Year Legacy and Emerging Issues for the Years Ahead (Brill Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 2018).
- Robin Warner and Marika McAdam, "Transnational Criminal Law in Australia" in Don Rothwell and Emily Crawford (Editors) , International Law in Australia (3rd edition) (Thomson Reuters, Sydney, 2016).
- Robin Warner, “Developing new regulatory paradigms for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction” in Robin Warner and Stuart Kaye (eds.), Handbook on Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (Routledge, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2015)
- Robin Warner, “The high seas regime. A model of self regulation?” in Robin Warner and Stuart Kaye (eds.), Handbook on Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (Routledge, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2015)
- Jeff Ardron and Robin Warner, “International Marine Governance and Protection of Biodiversity” in Hance D Smith, Juan Luis Suarez de Vivero and Tundi S Agardy (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management (Routledge Publishing , UK, 2015)
- Robin Warner, “Conserving marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction: co-evolution and interaction with the law of the sea” in Donald Rothwell, Karen Scott, Tim Stephens and Alex Oude-Elferink (eds.), Oxford Handbook on the Law of the Sea (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2015)
- Robin Warner, “Assessing Environmental Impacts of Activities in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction” in Rosemary Rayfuse (ed.), Research Handbook on International Marine Environmental Law (Edward Elgar Publishers, Cheltenham, UK, 2015)
- Robin Warner, Kristina Gjerde and David Freestone, “Regional Governance for Fisheries and Biodiversity” in Serge Garcia, Tony Charles and Jake Rice (eds.) Governance for Fisheries and Marine Conservation: Interactions and Co-evolution (Wiley Blackwell Publishers, Chichester, UK, 2013)
- Robin Warner, “Environmental Assessments in the Marine Areas of the Polar Regions” in E. Molenaar, A. Oude Elferink and D. Rothwell (eds.), Law of the Sea and Polar Regions: Interactions Between Global and Regional Regimes (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2013).
- Robin Warner , “Implementing the Rule of Law for Nature in the Global Marine Commons: Developing Environmental Assessment Norms” in Christina Voigt (ed.) Rule of Law for Nature (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013)
- Robin Warner and Clive Schofield, “Climate change and the oceans: legal and policy portents for the Asia Pacific region and beyond” in Robin Warner and Clive Schofield (eds.), Climate Change and the Oceans: Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 2012).
- Richard Kenchington and Robin Warner, “Uncertain seas ahead: legal and policy approaches to conserving marine biodiversity in the face of changing climate” in Robin Warner and Clive Schofield (eds.), Climate Change and the Oceans: Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 2012).
- Rosemary Rayfuse and Robin Warner, “Climate change mitigation activities in the ocean: turning up the regulatory heat” in Robin Warner and Clive Schofield (eds.), Climate Change and the Oceans: Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond (Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 2012).
- Robin Warner and Simon Marsden, “Perspectives on Transboundary Environmental Governance” in Robin Warner and Simon Marsden (eds.), Transboundary Environmental Governance; Inland, Marine and Coastal Perspectives (Ashgate Publishers, Farnham, Surrey, 2012).
- Robin Warner, “Conserving Marine Biodiversity beyond Boundaries: Developing Environmental Assessment Frameworks” in Robin Warner and Simon Marsden (eds.), Transboundary Environmental Governance; Inland, Marine and Coastal Perspectives (Ashgate Publishers, Farnham, Surrey, 2012).
- Clive Schofield and Robin Warner, “A Horn of Troubles: Understanding and Addressing the Somali Piracy Phenomenon” in John Garofano and Andrea J. Dew (eds.), Deep Currents and Rising Tides. The Indian Ocean and International Security (Georgetown University Press, Washington DC, 2013)
- Robin Warner, “Australia’s Maritime Challenges and Priorities: Recent Developments and Future Prospects” in Sam Bateman and Joshua Ho (eds.), Maritime Challenges and Priorities in the Asia Pacific (Routledge, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, 2012).
- Robin Warner, “Australia’s Marine Resources” in Warwick Gullett, Clive Schofield and Joanna Vince (eds.), Marine Resources Management (LexisNexis Butterworths, Sydney, Australia, 2011).
- Clive Schofield and Robin Warner, “Scuppering Somali Piracy: Global Responses and Paths to Justice” in Andrew Forbes (ed.), Australia’s Response to Piracy: A Legal Perspective (Seapower Centre, Australia, Canberra, 2011).
- Robin Warner, “Environmental Assessment in Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: Practice and Prospects” in American Society of International Law 2017 Annual Meeting Proceedings
- Robin Warner, “Substantive Criteria as Pre-conditions for the Approval of Exploitation Activity” in German Government (BGR)/International Seabed Authority “Towards an Environmental Strategy for the International Seabed Authority” Workshop Report March 2017
- Harden-Davies, H., Quirk, G., Warner, R. 2016. New laws for the high seas: four key issues the UN talks need to tackle. The Conversation. 28 March 2016. https://theconversation.com/new-laws-for-the-high-seas-four-key-issues-the-un-talks-need-to-tackle-56298
- Robin Warner, ‘We need a global conservation agreement for the high seas’, The Conservation (24 April 2014). Available online
- Robin Warner, Philomene Verlaan and Gail Lugten, Indian Ocean Seamounts Institutional and Legal Gap Analysis, (IUCN, Gland Switzerland, 2013).
- Robin Warner, Jake Rice, David Billett and Philomene Verlaan, “Marine and Coastal Biodiversity: Revised Voluntary Guidelines for the Consideration of Biodiversity in Environmental Impact Assessments and Strategic Environmental Assessments in Marine and Coastal Areas” Official Document for 11th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity,(CBD, Montreal, Canada, 2012) available online.
- Charles Morgan and Robin Warner, Development of an Environmental Management Plan for the Clarion Clipperton Zone, Report prepared for the International Seabed Authority (2010). available online.
- Gjerde, K.M, Ardron, J., Gotheil, S., Hanich, Q., Simard, F., Warner, R., Bernal, P., Garcia, S., Lee, J. Lodge, M., Meliane, M. Rice, J., Sanders, J., and Vestergaard, O., “Modalities for advancing cross-sectoral cooperation in managing marine areas beyond national jurisdiction”, Report for UNEP’s 12th Global Meeting of the Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans (UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya, 2010).
- Gilman E., Dalzell P., Ishikazi A., Crowder L. and Warner R., “Executive Summary. Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation” in Gilman E, Ishizaki A, Chang D, Liu W and Dalzell P (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Fishers Forum on Marine Spatial Planning and Bycatch Mitigation, (Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council and Fisheries Agency Taiwan, 2010)
- Robin Warner, Background Paper (Parts 1 and 2) for Convention on Biological Diversity Expert Workshop on Scientific and Technical Aspects Relevant to Environmental Impact Assessment in Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (2009). available online.
- Robin Warner, “No Easy Bounty” Australian Research and Development Review (ARDR), (April 2009), 9 available online.