Maritime Limits and Boundaries
The ANCORS team has particular expertise concerning maritime jurisdictional issues and ocean boundary-making. The research relates to the definition of baselines and basepoints, the delineation of the outer limits to maritime claims measured from such baselines and with respect to the delimitation of maritime boundaries. This represents an increasingly important area of research as offshore activities increase, our reliance on marine resources grows and states seek to clarify the precise extent of their maritime zones. As a consequence of significant extensions to maritime claims including the introduction of exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of up to 200 nautical miles breadth there has been a proliferation of overlapping maritime claims, potential maritime boundaries and jurisdictional disputes. Less than half of such overlapping maritime claims have thus far been resolved through the delimitation of maritime boundaries.
ANCORS research in this area spans disciplines and includes legal, geoscientific and political dimensions. The ANCORS research team engages in scholarly research on these issues and also offers training and practical advice on the definition of baselines, limits and boundaries.
The expertise of members of the ANCORS team has been recognised for example:
- Member, International Hydrographic Organization Panel of Experts on Maritime Boundary Delimitation (Kaye)
- Appointed to List of Arbitrators under the Environmental Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty (Kaye)
- International Hydrographic Office (IHO)-nominated Observer, Advisory Board on the Law of the Sea (ABLOS) (Schofield)
- Member, International Law Association’s Committee on International Law and Sea Level Rise (Schofield)
- Peacebuilding Adviser, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)/World Bank (Schofield)
- Member, UNDP Experts Roster for Rapid Response (ExpRes), Bureau of Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) (Schofield).