Legal Regulation of Shipping
Legal regulation of shipping encompasses the methods by which flag States, coastal States and port States administer the international regime set up under the auspices of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). This covers not only the practical methods of regulation designed to protect safety of navigation but also the way in which international shipping intersects with the marine environment and the steps required to protect the marine environment from shipping activities.
The expertise and areas of research of ANCORS staff and Fellows in the area of legal regulation of shipping covers both aspects of the subject. Recent research by staff and Fellows has included the role of flag States in regulating their ships; the regulation of shipping activities in relation to ballast water control; the regulation of shipping activities in Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSA); port and flag State responsibilities in relation to the provision of places of refuge for ships in distress.