Cameron MOORE

Cameron Moore


Position: Associate Professor
Office: UOW Innovation Campus, ITAMS Building 233, Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia  


I joined the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) Reserve in November 1991 as a seaman officer and trained in minor war vessels. I joined the Permanent Naval Force as a legal officer in 1996. Operational legal experience included service at sea for planned evacuation operations in Indonesia in 1998, and in the Directorate of Operations and International Law for the operations in East Timor, Solomon Islands and Afghanistan, the Sydney Olympics, ongoing fisheries and border protection operations and the Tampa incident. I was also lead speaker for the Australian delegation to meetings of the ASEAN Regional Forum on piracy during 2000 and 2001. In Navy Headquarters, I advised on a range of command issues as well as environmental law and regulation of naval aspects of ports and shipping. I also instructed on an operations law course for PNGDF Commanders in Port Moresby.

I left the RAN in January 2003 and, after a period of private practice, joined the School of Law at the University of New England in 2005. In 2007 I was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. I was Deputy Director for the Centre for Military Law and Justice, ANU, during 2010. In 2016, I delivered a maritime crime course for Indian Ocean region judges and prosecutors in Colombo, Sri Lanka on behalf of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. My relevant RAN Reserve service since 2003 includes extensive advice to Maritime Border Command, the drafting of the Maritime Powers Act 2013, co-authoring its Legislation Study Report in 2005, advising on internal security amendments to the Defence Act and attending the 2014 G20 Leaders’ Summit. My reserve service also includes advice on force protection, the Cluster Munitions Treaty negotiations, Afghanistan legal issues, piracy, human rights issues, advising on the design of the new discipline system following Lane v Morrison, as well as presenting annually to Asia Pacific Military Law Centre courses. In 2010 I deployed to Afghanistan as part of an inquiry team into Australian combat deaths. In 2012 I also attended two Maritime Security Workshops in Cambodia with the Cambodian Government.

Research Interests / areas of expertise:

My work focusses on the use of force by military forces, particularly in maritime security and counter terrorism operations, as well as on the command and control of military forces, specifically in their relationship with civilian governments and judiciaries. I also have wider expertise in the law of the sea, the law of armed conflict and general international law, as well as constitutional, environmental and natural resources law.

Current research projects:

  • Use of force in the South China Sea
  • The Australian Defence Force and the executive power
  • Comparative analysis of the war prerogative in the Anglo-Commonwealth jurisdiction

Potential topics for HDR & Honours Supervision:

See my areas of expertise above.

Recent awards and fellowships:

Defence Long Service Medal with 20 year clasp

Professional membership:

  • Admitted but not practising as - Barrister and Solicitor (WA), Legal Practitioner (NSW), Solicitor and Barrister (High Court)
  • Senior Lecturer; School of Law, University of New England
  • Adjunct Senior Lecturer; College of Law, Australian National University
  • Commander, Legal Officer; Royal Australian Navy Reserve
  • Fellow; Royal Geographical Society
  • Editorial Board Member; Australian Journal for Ocean and Maritime Affairs
  • Editorial Board Member; International Journal of Rural Law and Policy
  • Member; Australian Naval Institute
  • Member; International Society for Military Law and the Law of War

Publications (last 5 years):

Doctoral Thesis

  • (2015) The Australian Defence Force and the Executive Power, ANU


  • (2015)  Natural Resources Law (a compilation of readings) (Thomson Reuters)

Book Chapters


  • ‘Waterworld: Climate Change, Statehood and the Right to Self Determination’ in Climate Change and Human Rights: An International and Comparative Law Perspective (Routledge, UK) edited by Ottavio Quirico and Mouloud Bhoumgar, 104
  • ‘Use of Force in Maritime Regulation and Enforcement’ in the International Research Handbook on Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (Routledge, UK) edited by Robin Warner and Stuart Kaye, 27

Other Articles

  • (2016) ‘The War Powers Debate: The Governor-General as Commander in Chief’ The Strategist Australian Strategic Policy Institute, 29 August 2016
  • (2013) Book Review ‘The Causes of War: Volume I: 3000 BCE to 1000 CE by Alexander Gillespie’ 11 New Zealand Year Book of International Law 335

Other Works


  • Co-editor – United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Basic Guide to Maritime Law Enforcement
  • ‘Notes on the Role of the Governor-General’ in Tony Kevin (Rapporteur) Report of the Australians for War Powers Reform Public Seminar: Legislating Reform of the War Powers


  • Revised edition of the ADF Manual Australia’s Maritime Jurisdiction


  • Co-Editor – ‘REDD + Edition’ of the International Journal of Rural Law and Policy
  • Gaggioli, G., Abbott, K., Libman, L., Ling, Y., Lubell, N., Momtaz, D., Moore, C., Nasrallah, M., Piedra Buena, C., Salmon, E. Report of Expert Meeting: The Use of Force in Armed Conflicts: Interplay Between the Conduct of Hostilities and Law Enforcement Paradigms. (Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross)

Conference Papers/ Presentations


  • ‘The Continuing Relevance of the Doctrine of Combat Immunity’ with Associate Professor Rob McLaughlin, ANU Centre for Military and Security Law Public Seminar
  • ‘The Use of Force and Freedom of Navigation’ Roundtable: Can We Move Beyond Disputes in the South China Sea, University of New England
  • ‘The Maritime Powers Act’ to the Victorian and Tasmanian ADF Reserve Legal Panel
  • Designed and delivered, together with Dr Ingrid Elliott MBE, 4 day course on maritime crime to Indian Ocean Region judges and prosecutors for the UN Office of Drugs and Crime, Colombo, Sri Lank


  • Organiser – ANZAC Legal History Conference, UNE
  • ‘Martial Law in Northern Australia, New Guinea and Papua 1942 – 1946’, Conference Paper, ANZAC Legal History Symposium, UNE
  • ‘The Role of the Governor-General’ to the Australians for War Powers Reform Seminar, Canberra
  • ‘The ADF and the Executive Power’ to the Director General ADF Legal Service and staff, Canberra
  • ‘The ADF and the Executive Power’ to the ACT ADF Reserve Legal Panel, Canberra


  • ‘Martial Law in Northern Australia, New Guinea and Papua 1942 – 1946’, Conference Paper, Regional Australia at War Conference, UNE
  • ‘The External Affairs Prerogative and the Australian Occupation of German New Guinea: 1914-1921’, Conference Paper, Australia and New Zealand Law and History Society Conference, Coffs Harbour
  • ‘The Code for Unalerted Encounters at Sea’, Guest Lecture, Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law/ US Naval War College, Sydney
  • ‘The Maritime Powers Act 2013 (Cth): Broader Issues’, Conference Paper, Navy Legal Conference, Sydney
  • ‘Defence Force Discipline and the Australian Constitution’, Guest Lecturer, ANU Military Discipline Law course
  • ‘External Security Operations’ and ‘Countering Terrorist Threats from the Air and Sea’, Guest Lectures, University of Adelaide Military Operations Law course
  • ‘The ADF and External Security’, Presentation to the South Australian ADF Reserve Legal Panel
  • ‘Australia’s Interventions in Somalia, East Timor and the Gulf: An Exercise in Unlimited Power?’ UNE School of Humanities Research Seminar
  • ‘The Maritime Powers Act 2013 (Cth): Broader Issues’, Symposium Paper, University of Wollongong Maritime Powers Act Symposium, Canberra
  • ‘Maritime Law Enforcement’, Guest Lecture, Australian High Commission, Colombo, Sri Lanka


  • Delivered Two Day Workshop on ‘Legal Issues in Military Intervention’ at Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Colombo, Sri Lanka


  • Public Lecture – ‘The Australian Defence Force and the Executive Power’, Australian National University
  • Member of International Committee of the Red Cross Experts’ Panel on International Humanitarian Law and Law Enforcement, Geneva, Switzerland


Last reviewed: 3 February, 2017